Clothing items made from Chanderi fabric are preferred for their lightweight, shiny, and glossy texture. This unique fabric is produced by intertwining in Silk and Zari (golden) in the cotton yarn, creating a shining surface. The name 'Chanderi' is derived from a small town in Madhya Pradesh, also known as 'Chanderi.' This weaving technique was first practiced in this small town to produce sarees with shining texture and other silk decorated works. There are three different types of Chanderi Fabric:
- Chanderi Silk Cotton
- Pure Silk
- Chanderi Cotton
This fabric is primarily used for weaving Salwar Kameez and Sarees. However, new use cases are also there with the advancements in the weaving technologies. Chanderi Fabric is emerging as one of the most preferred Indian ethnic fabrics for traditional attires.
From ancient times, the town of Chanderi (Madhya Pradesh) is considered one of India's best places for producing Chanderi Fabric. After following the old techniques and tools for weaving for centuries, new tools were introduced by the end of the 19th century. Finally, the people of Chanderi started to use mad mill yarns and replaced the old handspun yarns. According to Indian mythology, this fabric has its origin in the Vedic times. It is believed that Lord Krishna's cousin, Shishupal, discovered it.
By the beginning of the early 20th century, Scindia's royal family patronized Chanderi sarees for their elegance and beauty. During this period, Chanderi fabric was introduced to the golden thread motif, which was its first adoption to cotton muslin saree. However, the significant popularity was already gained during the Mughal reign, when it reached new heights and was a preferred choice among India's queens.
In the 1930s, the Japanese Silk was discovered by the weavers of Madhya Pradesh. This event gave birth to the Chanderi Silk. It soon replaced the cotton sarees and became a preferable choice. The motifs present on the Chanderi fabric are usually handwoven by usi